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Project Purpose  
To clarify the ecology of the orangutan (P. p. morio) in their natural habitat (Lowland Dipterocarp Forest). Focus on adaptation to LOW and IRREGULAR fruit supply based on long-term research.
 
 
Ongoing Research Topics  
- Activity patterns
- Feeding ecology
- Density of Orangutan  
- Ranging patterns  
- Locomotion and Positional behavior 
- Social system
- Genetic studies of paternity, relatedness and genetic diversity
- Cultural behaviors
- Reproduction and Life history
- Cognitive Ability
- Physiology (Stress)
- Health & Disease
 
 
Research Activity  
Record following terms in 1-minute intervals by direct observation;
- type of the behavior with posture and vocalization
- height of the place staying  
- names of neighbor individuals (within 50m) if there are any neighbor  
- distance between nearest neighbor.  
Record their travel path and home range by GPS.
Collect samples of food and Identify them.
 
 
History of Research  
1968-1990 John Mackinnon (ref. MacKinnon J. 1974. Search of the Red Ape, Ballantine Books. London).
1991-1994 Nirofer Graffar
2004 – On Going   Tomoko KANAMORI  
2005 – On Going   Dr. Noko KUZE  
2009 – On Going   Saika YAMAZAKI  
2011 – On Going Mr. Tomoyuki Tajima
 
 
Current Researchers  
Tomoko KANAMORI
Nationality: Japan
Sex:   Female  
Position:   Researcher (Doctor of Science)  
Affrication:   Wildlife Research Center of Kyoto University, Japan  
Objective: Feeding Ecology and Social Behavior
 
Noko KUZE
Nationality: Japan
Sex:   Female  
Position:   Research Fellow (Doctor of Science)  
Affrication:   Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), Wildlife Research Center of Kyoto University (http://www.wrc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/index.html), Japan  
Objective: Reproduction and Cognition

Saika Yamazaki
Nationality: Japan
Sex:   Female  
Position:   Ph. D. student  
Affrication:   Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), United Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Japan  
Objective: Social Behavior and Physiology

Tomoyuki TAJIMA
Nationality: Japan
Sex:   Male  
Position:   Ph. D. student  
Affrication:   Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), Laboratory of Human Evolution Studies, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University  
Objective: Social Behavior and Male’s Reproductive Success
 
Acknowledgement  
Local collaborator: Dr. Henry Bernard (Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation Universiti Malaysia Sabah)

Mr. Titol Peter Malim (Sabah Wildlife Department)

Contract grant sponsor: Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)

JSPS-HOPE (Primate Origins of Human Evolution) Project

21st century COE programs, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University

Global COE programs, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University

Global Environment Research Fund

Special Thanks to:   Dr. Marc Ancrenaz, Dr. Isabelle Lackman-Ancrenaz, Dr. Shiro Kohshima, Dr. Toshinori Tsubouchi, Dr. Goro Hanya, Dr. Waidi Sinun, Dr. Glen Reynolds, Ms. Salina Noor, Dr. Satoru Kuze, All staff of Borneo Rainforest Lodge, Sabah Wild life Department, Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Yayasan Sabah and Borneo Nature Tours SDN. BHD.  
 
 





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